The King Approaches Jerusalem

Matthew 19:1b-20:34

191… he departed from Galilee, and came into the borders of Judea beyond the Jordan. 2Great multitudes followed him, and he healed them there. 3Pharisees came to him, testing him, and saying,

THE PHARISEES

Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?

4He answered,

JESUS

Haven’t you read that he who made them from the beginning made them male and female,* 5and said, ‘For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall join to his wife; and the two shall become one flesh?’* 6So that they are no more two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, don’t let man tear apart.

7They asked him,

THE PHARISEES

Why then did Moses command us to give her a bill of divorce, and divorce her?

8He said to them,

JESUS

Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, allowed you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it has not been so. 9I tell you that whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and he who marries her when she is divorced commits adultery.

10His disciples said to him,

THE DISCIPLES

If this is the case of the man with his wife, it is not expedient to marry.

11But he said to them,

JESUS

Not all men can receive this saying, but those to whom it is given. 12For there are eunuchs who were born that way from their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men; and there are eunuchs who made themselves eunuchs for the Kingdom of Heaven’s sake. He who is able to receive it, let him receive it.

13Then little children were brought to him, that he should lay his hands on them and pray; and the disciples rebuked them. 14But Jesus said,

JESUS

Allow the little children, and don’t forbid them to come to me; for the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to ones like these.

15He laid his hands on them, and departed from there.
16Behold, one came to him and said,

A RICH YOUNG MAN

Good teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?

17He said to him,

JESUS

Why do you call me good?* No one is good but one, that is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.

18He said to him,

A RICH YOUNG MAN

Which ones?

Jesus said,

JESUS

‘You shall not murder.’ ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ ‘You shall not steal.’ ‘You shall not offer false testimony.’ 19‘Honor your father and mother.’* And, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’*

20The young man said to him,

A RICH YOUNG MAN

All these things I have observed from my youth. What do I still lack?

21Jesus said to him,

JESUS

If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.

22But when the young man heard the saying, he went away sad, for he was one who had great possessions. 23Jesus said to his disciples,

JESUS

Most certainly I say to you, a rich man will enter into the Kingdom of Heaven with difficulty. 24Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into God’s Kingdom.

25When the disciples heard it, they were exceedingly astonished, saying,

THE DISCIPLES

Who then can be saved?

26Looking at them, Jesus said,

JESUS

With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.

27Then Peter answered,

SIMON PETER

Behold, we have left everything, and followed you. What then will we have?

28Jesus said to them,

JESUS

Most certainly I tell you that you who have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on the throne of his glory, you also will sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29Everyone who has left houses, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name’s sake, will receive one hundred times, and will inherit eternal life. 30But many will be last who are first; and first who are last.
201For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who was the master of a household, who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2When he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius* a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3He went out about the third hour,* and saw others standing idle in the marketplace. 4He said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went their way. 5Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour,* and did likewise. 6About the eleventh hour* he went out, and found others standing idle. He said to them, ‘Why do you stand here all day idle?’
7They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’
He said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and you will receive whatever is right.’ 8When evening had come, the lord of the vineyard said to his manager, ‘Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning from the last to the first.’
9When those who were hired at about the eleventh hour came, they each received a denarius. 10When the first came, they supposed that they would receive more; and they likewise each received a denarius. 11When they received it, they murmured against the master of the household, 12saying, ‘These last have spent one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat!’
13But he answered one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Didn’t you agree with me for a denarius? 14Take that which is yours, and go your way. It is my desire to give to this last just as much as to you. 15Isn’t it lawful for me to do what I want to with what I own? Or is your eye evil, because I am good?’ 16So the last will be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few are chosen.

17As Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside, and on the way he said to them,

JESUS

18Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, 19and will hand him over to the Gentiles to mock, to scourge, and to crucify; and the third day he will be raised up.

20Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, kneeling and asking a certain thing of him. 21He said to her,

JESUS

What do you want?

She said to him,

ZEBEDEE’S WIFE

Command that these, my two sons, may sit, one on your right hand, and one on your left hand, in your Kingdom.

22But Jesus answered,

JESUS

You don’t know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?

They said to him,

JAMES THE DISCIPLE & JOHN THE DISCIPLE

We are able.

23He said to them,

JESUS

You will indeed drink my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with, but to sit on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give; but it is for whom it has been prepared by my Father.

24When the ten heard it, they were indignant with the two brothers.
25But Jesus summoned them, and said,

JESUS

You know that the rulers of the nations lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. 26It shall not be so among you, but whoever desires to become great among you shall be* your servant. 27Whoever desires to be first among you shall be your bondservant, 28even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.

29As they went out from Jericho, a great multitude followed him. 30Behold, two blind men sitting by the road, when they heard that Jesus was passing by, cried out,

SECOND SET OF BLIND MEN

Lord, have mercy on us, you son of David!

31The multitude rebuked them, telling them that they should be quiet, but they cried out even more,

SECOND SET OF BLIND MEN

Lord, have mercy on us, you son of David!

32Jesus stood still, and called them, and asked,

JESUS

What do you want me to do for you?

33They told him,

SECOND SET OF BLIND MEN

Lord, that our eyes may be opened.

34Jesus, being moved with compassion, touched their eyes; and immediately their eyes received their sight, and they followed him.

*Matthew 19:4 Genesis 1:27
*Matthew 19:5 Genesis 2:24
*Matthew 19:17 So MT and TR. NU reads “Why do you ask me about what is good?”
*Matthew 19:19 Exodus 20:12-16; Deuteronomy 5:16-20
*Matthew 19:19 Leviticus 19:18
*Matthew 20:2 A denarius is a silver Roman coin worth 1/25th of a Roman aureus. This was a common wage for a day of farm labor.
*Matthew 20:3 Time was measured from sunrise to sunset, so the third hour would be about 9:00 AM.
*Matthew 20:5 noon and 3:00 P. M.
*Matthew 20:6 5:00 PM
*Matthew 20:26 TR reads “let him be” instead of “shall be”

OPENING THE WORD

  • What stands out to you in this passage?
  • What truths do you gain about the character of God?
  • What truths do you gain about men and women?
  • What changes are you motivated to make in light of this passage?
World English Bible (WEB)
a Public Domain Modern English translation
of the Holy Bible.

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